Macaw (Military)

Ara militaris

IUCN Red List status: Vulnerable

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Where they live

Mexico, Central America and S America to Argentina


arid woodlands and subtropical forest


length 70-80cm




50-60 years in the wild


habitat loss and capture for the pet trade

Did you know...

  • Their name refers to their green plumage
  • They eat clay to increase their sodium levels, especially when food is scarce.

More about Military macaws...

The Military macaw is a predominantly green coloured, medium-sized macaw with a discontinuous range from Mexico and Central America to Argentina. It is found in a range of habitats including dry forest, open woodland and gallery forests. It usually avoids tropical rainforest.

Military macaws are normally seen in pairs or small flocks of up to 20 or so individuals. They leave their roosts in the morning to feed and return to the same roost each night. They feed on seeds, nuts, berries and fruit and like all members of the parrot family they use the feet, tongue and beak to manipulate and open their food.

They are monogamous, forming pair bonds which last for life. They nest in holes in trees or high up on cliffs. Females lay 1-2 eggs which are incubated around 26 days. The young are fully fledged and leave the nest by the time they are three months old.

The population and distribution of the Military macaw has been decreasing noticeably over the past fifty tears due to loss of habitat and the capture of birds for the pet trade.

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