Ibis (Scarlet)

Eudocimus ruber

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

For more info on classifications, visit www.iucnredlist.org

Least Concern


Where they live

South America and Caribbean islands


Mudflats, estuaries, shorelines, and shallow bays


75 cm tall, wingspan of 30 cm


1.35 kg


Up to 20 years


Hunted for use in the pet trade and for food, habitat loss

Did you know...

  • The scarlet ibis is the national bird of Trinidad and Tobago The brilliant red colour of the ibis comes from carotene found in the crustaceans it feeds upon, just like Flamingos Are very quiet birds, only heard grunting or croaking on breeding grounds

More about ibis...

Scarlet ibis are bright red birds, with long, slender necks and long, curved bills. They have very long legs that help them to walk across mudflats and marshlands. Their bill is highly sensitive and can search out small creatures such as crustaceans, insects, fish and frogs in the mud. The bill changes colour throughout the year; during breeding season it becomes black, whilst outside of this period it is reddish.

Scarlet ibis live in extensive colonies. Males have to woo females by performing complex courtship dances, and they will then normally mate for life. The pair will then work together to make a nest in a mangrove tree out of sticks. A female will normally lay 3-5 eggs, which are incubated for 19 to 23 days.

Scarlet ibis have protected status throughout the world, however populations are still declining due to overhunting, collection of eggs and selling of young as pets. Currently the species is classified on the IUCN Red List as ‘Least Concern,’ however numbers are still decreasing.

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