Giraffa camelopardalis

IUCN Red List status: Vulnerable

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Where they live

Widespread across southern and eastern Africa, smaller populations in west and central Africa.


Forest and arid savannah


Height up to 5.5m (male) and 4.5m (female)




10-15 years in the wild over 25 years in captivity


Hunted by humans for food and sport, habitat loss

Did you know...

  • Giraffe can gallop at up to 56 kilometres per hour to avoid predators
  • Each giraffe has a unique coat pattern
  • Giraffe appear to have gone extinct in at least seven countries (Burkina Faso, Eritrea, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria and Senegal)

More about Giraffes...

Giraffe often form small scattered herds of up to 10 animals, with young males living together in bachelor groups. Males become solitary as they mature, with dominant males spending most of their time seeking females in season.

Female giraffe are pregnant for 15 months, and give birth standing up meaning their young fall two metres to the ground. New born calves are around 1.8m tall and can stand within an hour of birth to suckle from their mother. However, for the first two weeks, they spend most of their time lying down being guarded by their mother.

Giraffe are herbivores who exclusively browse for vegetation, spending up to 20 hours a day feeding. Their tongue is about 45cm in length, which enables them to reach up into trees and pull leaves down.

How you can help...

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