Flamingo (American)

Phoenicopterus ruber

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

For more info on classifications, visit www.iucnredlist.org

Least Concern


Where they live

South America and the Caribbean, a small population is found in the Galapagos


Marine coastal areas, mudflats






Up to 50 years in the wild


Habitat loss, human disturbance

Did you know...

  • Also known as Caribbean flamingos
  • The brightest and largest of all the flamingos
  • The feathers under their wings (flight feathers) are black and can only be seen when they are flying

More about American flamingos...

The American flamingo is the only species of flamingo native to North America, however now it is mainly found in South America, the Caribbean and the Galapagos. The population in the Galapagos slightly differ genetically and are significantly smaller, have differences in body shape and lay smaller eggs.

They are very social birds, living in colonies that can number thousands but will often break up into smaller groups before mating. Colonies need shallow waters to perform synchronised courtship dances. Females then lay a single egg in a cone-shaped nest, which is then incubated by both parents for around 30 days.

They are tropical wading birds with long legs, backward-bending knees and long curvy necks. Flamingos feed by stirring up mud with their feet, reaching down and scooping up a beak full of mud and water.

How you can help...

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