Dove (Emerald)

Chalcophaps indica

IUCN Red List status: Least Concern

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Least Concern


Where they live

Throughout the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia and Australia


Forests, mangroves, coastal woodlands


23-27cm; size including wingspan 43-46cm




8-15 years


Human disturbance, predation

Did you know...

  • Are quite terrestrial and are rarely found in trees, except when roosting
  • Usually found in pairs or in small groups
  • Are good weavers and can fly low between patches of dense forest with ease

More about doves...

The emerald dove have very distinctive bright emerald green back and wings. Males have a blue-grey crown and a white mark on the edge of their shoulders, whereas females are browner in complexion. They are omnivores and often eat a variety of seeds, fruits and worms. They are quite terrestrial, and are often seen on the ground feeding below tree cover searching for fallen fruits.

They are calm birds which vocalise by making a low, soft cooing call that consists of six or seven coos. During courtship, males with coo loudly whilst performing a bobbing dance. Breeding happens from April to September. Stick nests are built in a bush or tree ferns at ground level. Normally two eggs are laid, but only one chick normally survives.


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