Capuchin (Yellow-breasted)

Cebus xanthosternos

IUCN Red List status: Critically Endangered

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Critically Endangered


Where they live



tropical rainforest


Head-to-body length 36-42cm, tail length 38-48cm




more than 30 years


hunted by humans plus extensive habitat loss

Did you know...

  • Yellow-breasted capuchins are one of the few species of animals that use objects as tools and even use plants to their advantage. In zoos, where they are fed onions, they can often be seen rubbing the onions on their hair to act as an insect repellent
  • The name capuchin is derived from the word Capuce or Capuche which was the skull cap worn by Franciscan monks. The primates’ hairstyle is said to resemble the headwear

More about [ANIMAL]...

The yellow-breasted or golden-bellied capuchin is a highly social and intelligent monkey which lives in groups of up to 30 individuals. Group members communicate using barks, growls, screams, whistles and chattering.

They spend most of their lives in trees where their grasping primate hands and prehensile tail help them move throughout the rainforest. Groups are active by day and forage through their forest range feeding on fruit, nuts, flowers shoots eggs, invertebrates and small mammals.

Females give birth to a single youngster after a gestation of 180 days.

It is now thought that just 300 individuals survive in the wild, making the species among the world’s most endangered primates.

How you can help...