Ambystoma mexicanum

IUCN Red List status: Critically Endangered

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Critically Endangered


Where they live

Mexico City, originating from two nearby lakes called Xochimilco and Chalco


high altitude lakes with low temperatures, especially during winter months


up to 30cm




10-15 years


Demands of nearby Mexico City have led to the draining and contamination of much of the waters of the Xochimilco Lake. Roasted axolotl is considered a delicacy in Mexico, but most recently their numbers have suffered due to predation of their eggs and young by introduced fish species.

Did you know...

  • Axolotls are probably one of the most scientifically studied salamanders in the world because of their ability to regenerate lost body parts

More about axolotls...

Axolotls are found only in Mexico and are often known as Mexican Walking Fish – they are not fish but amphibians which never metamorphose and retain their larval body features, including external gills.

The axolotl, like all amphibians, is carnivorous, capturing small prey such as worms, insects, and small fish in the wild.

Officially an endangered species they have been captive bred since the 1800s.

How you can help...