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The common raven is the most widely distributed of all the members of the crow family
It is easily distinguished from its cousins the crows by its larger heavier black beak
The common raven is one of the largest members of the crow family, found across the northern hemisphere, preferring wooded areas with expanses of open land near by or coastlines as sites for feeding and nesting.
Common ravens normally live in mated pairs. They are omnivorous and extremely opportunistic feeders and the diet varies widely depending on location and season of the year. The animal food taken ranges from small invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, small birds, mammals and carrion. Plant material includes cereal grains, berries and fruit. Adult ravens do not have any real natural enemies although their eggs and nestlings are preyed upon by large birds of prey, martens, foxes and wolves.
Once paired at around 2-3 years old ravens tend to mate for life. Over most of their range the breeding season begins in late February. The nest is a deep of of sticks and twigs and lined with softer material such as animal fur. The nest is usually sited in a tree, on a cliff ledge or sometimes an old building. Females lay 3-7 eggs which hatch after she has incubated them for 18-21 days. The youngsters are fed by both parents, fledge at 3-5-42 days and remain with their parents for a further 6 months.
Common ravens are generally widely distributed, have stable populations and are not currently in danger of extinction.